This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone extremely well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
When they make an effort to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the sole things that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface seem to be symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that includes words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the concept of putting a phrase having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the span of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows seemed to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the information from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all how you can the back of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it is not going to offer an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the actual world.
There are only so much time in a day, and the full time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three desire a well-balanced number of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day before the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they need to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the e-mail we just continue reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media spare time each and every day and spend now with this attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The same is true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and having the tune within their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Allow it to be short and quick, and when they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This might give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a many more fun. This can often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to grasp is to instruct it in the proper execution of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun way to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for novices including small children. Cut fully out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they could figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher could be exciting along with scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who can amaze you occasionally using their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young kids get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take care to get acquainted with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will teach them the proper use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. In addition it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same age group come together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the children to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age group have the capacity to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for per week and ask them to repeat it the very next time as you hold on the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the children enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.