This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone extremely well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get at a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they try to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the only real issues that could keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance look like outward indications of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and other than hardly any symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the type of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that contains words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the concept of putting a word with an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the length of the evaluations, they certainly were asked simply how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated to them the information from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the job accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the real world.
There are only so much time in a day, and the full time allocated to screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three desire a well-balanced group of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to set up a media free time every day and spend this time with this attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune within their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the actual text. Ensure it is short and quick, and when they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This may give them plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a much more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to know is to teach it in the proper execution of storytelling. Get the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the above mentioned methods of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures since it is the fun way to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and participating in the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is very good for novices including small children. Cut right out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they can find out the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary when you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you occasionally with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the college surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids remember to get familiar with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to manage a number of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities which are short and easy to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or band of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the same generation get together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images of a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and ask them to repeat it the very next time when you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.