This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
When they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the only items that will keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface seem to be apparent symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the form of kid he is and his lack of discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that consists of words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the idea of putting a phrase having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the course of the evaluations, they were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the information from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the actual world.
There are only so much time per day, and the full time used on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to establish a media spare time every single day and spend now with your attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The exact same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your brain a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and if they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This may let them have a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Make it into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to make grammar a little easier to understand is to instruct it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The features of the above methods of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun method to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in these ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is very good for novices including small children. Cut right out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they could figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting along with scary when you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who can amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they can cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You might even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some young kids get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids take time to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to obtain them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the best use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of exactly the same age bracket come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and inquire further to repeat it next time while you hold out the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.