This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they’re the only issues that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on top appear to be symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that consists of words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the idea of putting a phrase with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the span of the evaluations, they certainly were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist stated to them the data from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcome of the study demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
There are only so much time per day, and enough time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they will not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we just continue reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to begin a media free time every day and spend this time with our attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your head a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. Following this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Ensure it is short and quick, and once they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This might let them have lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a many more fun. This may often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to understand is to teach it in the shape of storytelling. Get the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are that they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for beginners including small children. Cut fully out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they can find out the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary as you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some young kids get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take the time to get knowledgeable about the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to control a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to obtain them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you need to concentrate on keeping activities that are short and an easy task to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or group of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can help do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the right use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the exact same age bracket come together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age bracket have the capability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and ask them to repeat it the next time when you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the youngsters enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.