This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone very well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to open another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the sole issues that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on top look like apparent symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is frequently inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the form of kid he is and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the concept of putting a word having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out to them the data from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all the way to the trunk of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
You can find only so many hours in one day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a higher price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced band of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we just keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media spare time each day and spend this time around with our attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The same holds true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and having the tune to their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the specific text. Allow it to be short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This might give them plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a many more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to grasp is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The benefits of the aforementioned methods of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they can determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting along with scary because you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they can cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take time to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to control a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you ought to focus on keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a set or number of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll guide them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you may make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the exact same age bracket come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the kids to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to match similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the ability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for weekly and inquire further to repeat it the very next time when you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities might help the children enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.