This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone extremely well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get at a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
Once they make an effort to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only issues that will keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface be seemingly symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and other than hardly any symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the kind of kid he’s and his lack of discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that contains words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the thought of putting a word having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, they certainly were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out to them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, ultimately causing a nearly 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also in a position to penetrate all how you can the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
You will find only so much time per day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced band of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours per day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to establish a media spare time every day and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same is valid for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Allow it to be short and quick, and if they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition will be a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to make grammar a little easier to know is to show it in the form of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The advantages of the above methods of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures since it is the fun method to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the next ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is very good for novices including small children. Cut right out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they could determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher may be exciting along with scary when you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who will amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they are able to cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take care to get acquainted with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to manage a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to have them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities which can be short and an easy task to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving round the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can help you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll teach them the best use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of exactly the same age bracket get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age group have the ability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and ask them to repeat it the next time as you hold out the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.