This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone very well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to access a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back to the key screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they’re the sole issues that will keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance appear to be apparent symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the form of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that for me, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that contains words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the length of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described to them the information from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, ultimately causing a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the research demonstrated that there is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the way to the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it is not going to provide a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the actual world.
You will find only so many hours in one day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three require a well-balanced number of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they will not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we just keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must establish a media spare time every day and spend this time with your attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and getting the tune within their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and if they get the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This would provide them with a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Make it in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the above mentioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun way to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in these ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they could find out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher can be exciting in addition to scary since you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who can amaze you sometimes making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Though some young children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids remember to get acquainted with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to control a lot of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you need to give attention to keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of exactly the same age bracket bond in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and question them to repeat it the next time when you hold out the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.