This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get at a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only items that could keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance look like apparent symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the kind of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that consists of words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the idea of putting a word with an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist described for them the information from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The results of the research demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the best way to the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to provide a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the true world.
You can find only so much time per day, and enough time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to set up a media free time everyday and spend this time with our attention 100% focused on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same is true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. Following this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and if they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a term on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the form of storytelling. Obtain the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the general finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are which they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures since it is the fun method to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and doing the next ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they can find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary as you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you to be able to be with innocent children who will amaze you at times making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take care to get acquainted with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to control a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to get them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you should focus on keeping activities which can be short and an easy task to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can benefit you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will guide them the right usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. In addition it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of exactly the same age group bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age bracket have the capacity to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and ask them to repeat it next time when you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.