This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone quite well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get at an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only real things that could keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface appear to be symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is frequently inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and other than not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the form of kid he is and his lack of discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the idea of putting a word with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the length of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated in their mind the data from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcomes of the study demonstrated that there is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all how you can the trunk of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
You will find only so much time per day, and enough time used on screens comes at a top price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced group of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours per day facing the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media free time everyday and spend this time around with this attention 100% dedicated to our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. Exactly the same holds true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your head a whole lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and after they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This will provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition will be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to grasp is to instruct it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are which they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures since it is the fun way to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and engaging in the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary as you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you to be able to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you occasionally making use of their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to manage a number of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to obtain them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you need to concentrate on keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can help guess what happens all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It’ll guide them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of exactly the same age bracket bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age bracket have the capacity to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it next time as you hold out the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.