Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone very well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the only real things that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface seem to be apparent symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the kind of kid he is and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that consists of words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the concept of putting a word with an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the span of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated to them the information from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also in a position to penetrate all the way to the trunk of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the real world.
There are only so several hours in one day, and the time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we only read on our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to establish a media spare time every single day and spend this time with your attention 100% centered on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same is valid for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the actual text. Allow it to be short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This will provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Make it in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to know is to instruct it in the proper execution of storytelling. Get the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let a student come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun solution to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and participating in these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
- 200 Divided by 14
- How to Control Your Expenses to Eliminate Debt
- Third Grade Reading Skills
- Past Perfect Tense Worksheet
- How to Find Percentage Of Change
- Recipe Worksheet for Comprehension
- Navigating the College Savings Programs
- Free Printable 5th Grade Math Worksheets
- 11 Ounces to Lbs
- Improper Fractions to Decimals
(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they could find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary as you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some young kids get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take the time to get acquainted with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to control a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you ought to focus on keeping activities which are short and an easy task to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or number of students by utilizing pictures or even a game which involves moving round the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit guess what happens all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the items more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the exact same age bracket get together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the children to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the kid is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the ability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it next time when you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.