This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cellular phone well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the sole things that will keep him quiet.
He has what on top appear to be symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is frequently inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the idea of putting a word with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the course of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated to them the information from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcome of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all how you can the rear of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You will find only so several hours per day, and enough time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three require a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours each day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they need to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that people are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very conscious of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we only keep reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media spare time every single day and spend this time with this attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The exact same is true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Ensure it is short and quick, and after they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This would let them have lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a many more fun. This can often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more efficient once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Get the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned methods of learning grammar are they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there’s a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in these ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
- 2 L to Ml
- 42 Divided by 4
- Performance Contracting Helps Save on Energy Costs
- Free Beginning sounds Worksheets
- How to Fix Run On Sentences
- Letter W Worksheet for Pre K
- Historical Fiction for Fourth Graders
- Pronouns for Grade 4
- Multiplying Powers Of 10
- Word Unscrambler 2 Words
(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they could find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting along with scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who can amaze you occasionally making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a major percentage of kids take the time to get familiar with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to manage a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you need to focus on keeping activities that are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by utilizing pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit guess what happens all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will teach them the proper use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same age group get together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age bracket have the capability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and ask them to repeat it next time while you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.