Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone extremely well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the only issues that can keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface seem to be symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is frequently inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the form of kid he is and his lack of discipline that for me, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the concept of putting a word having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the span of the evaluations, they were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out to them the data from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the actual world.
There are only so many hours in a day, and the full time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we only read on our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to set up a media leisure time each day and spend this time around with our attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The same is true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your head a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and when they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to select a term on that and change the tense out of it. This might let them have plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would have been a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to make grammar a little easier to understand is to teach it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the general finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let a student come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The features of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and engaging in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow the students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
- Level L Reading Comprehension Passage
- Math Games for 1st Graders Free
- Fun Ways to Study Spelling Words
- Metaphor and Simile Examples
- Letter S In Cursive
- Scientific Notation Worksheet Pdf
- List Of Sight Words for Kindergarten
- Free Printable Grade Sheet
- 49 Divided by 45
- Dividing Fractions Practice Worksheet
(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they could determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher can be exciting as well as scary since you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take time to get acquainted with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you ought to concentrate on keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the best use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same age group come together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for weekly and inquire further to repeat it next time while you hold out the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the youngsters enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.