This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone extremely well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
Once they attempt to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only real items that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on top be seemingly symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats more or less anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the type of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the idea of putting a phrase by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the span of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows seemed to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described for them the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all how you can the trunk of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it is not going to provide a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the real world.
You will find only so much time per day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they should not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we only continue reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media spare time everyday and spend this time with your attention 100% focused on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same is true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your head a whole lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune to their head. After this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Ensure it is short and quick, and if they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This will let them have lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more efficient once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to create grammar a little easier to grasp is to instruct it in the proper execution of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and participating in these ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for beginners including small children. Cut right out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, ask them if they can determine the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary when you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who can amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take care to get familiar with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to control a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to obtain them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you should concentrate on keeping activities which are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by making use of pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will teach them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same generation get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the children to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the ability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and ask them to repeat it the very next time while you hold on the role cards.
To help make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.