This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone very well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get to an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they try to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the sole issues that can keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface be seemingly symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is frequently inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and besides not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats more or less anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the type of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that contains words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the concept of putting a word having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the course of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows seemed to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcome of the study demonstrated that there is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all how you can the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the real world.
You can find only so much time in one day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a top price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced band of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours per day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they will not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we just keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media spare time each and every day and spend now with our attention 100% centered on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same is true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Make it into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to know is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The features of the above mentioned methods of learning grammar are that they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun way to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and engaging in the next ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio together with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut right out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher may be exciting in addition to scary since you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you sometimes making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids take time to get acquainted with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you need to concentrate on keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or group of students by utilizing pictures or even a game which involves moving round the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the right use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. In addition it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the exact same age bracket get together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the children to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and question them to repeat it the next time when you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.