Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone extremely well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the sole issues that can keep him quiet.
He has what on top appear to be apparent symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and besides hardly any symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the kind of kid he is and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that contains words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the course of the evaluations, they were asked simply how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the data from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcome of the analysis demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all how you can the rear of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so many hours in one day, and enough time used on screens comes at a top price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced group of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day before the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only read on our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media free time each and every day and spend this time around with our attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Following this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Allow it to be short and quick, and when they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This will let them have lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition will be a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more efficient when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to understand is to show it in the proper execution of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it may be the fun method to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes using their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the college surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take care to get familiar with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to control a lot of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you should give attention to keeping activities which are short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story along with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the same generation get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age group have the capacity to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it next time as you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.