This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and mobile phone well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
If they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only real items that can keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface appear to be symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the concept of putting a word by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the length of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows appeared to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist described to them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The results of the research demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the way to the trunk of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so several hours in one day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a higher price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they should not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to establish a media leisure time everyday and spend now with our attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The exact same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and getting the tune within their head. Following this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the particular text. Allow it to be short and quick, and after they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This might provide them with a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the above methods of learning grammar are that they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun solution to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio together with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary because you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids make time to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a number of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to have them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you need to give attention to keeping activities which are short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving around the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It’ll guide them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help to stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of exactly the same age group come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the capacity to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for weekly and ask them to repeat it the very next time when you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.