This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone quite well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a couple of rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
Once they make an effort to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the sole things that could keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance be seemingly outward indications of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and other than not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the form of kid he is and his lack of discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the course of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out to them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcomes of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the way to the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to provide a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the job accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
You can find only so much time in one day, and enough time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced number of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day before the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media spare time each day and spend this time with your attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The same is true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your brain a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune within their head. Following this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and when they get the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This will let them have plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot far better whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to grasp is to instruct it in the proper execution of storytelling. Have the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun method to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and doing the next ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
- Spelling Words for Grade 1
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- 160 Divided by 29
- Is It Really Necessary To Create A Family Budget?
- Neither a borrower nor a lender be
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- Write the Missing Letter Worksheet
- 17 Divided by 18
(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for novices including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary since you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you to be able to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities that are short and simple to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by using pictures or a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll guide them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the exact same generation come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the children to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age bracket have the ability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and question them to repeat it the very next time as you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.