This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to access an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they’re the only real items that can keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance appear to be symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the form of kid he is and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that contains words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the concept of putting a word by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the span of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated in their mind the info from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the way to the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to provide a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the true world.
You can find only so many hours in a day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a top price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we only keep reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to set up a media free time every single day and spend this time around with this attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The exact same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your head a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. After this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and after they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to select a term on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to grasp is to show it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the above mentioned types of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun way to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and doing the following ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow the students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary since you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who can amaze you occasionally with their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take the time to get familiar with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you should focus on keeping activities which are short and easy to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or band of students by using pictures or a game which involves moving round the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can help do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the right use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the exact same age bracket get together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age group have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and question them to repeat it the next time when you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities will help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.