Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get at an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a couple of rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to open another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
Once they attempt to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they’re the only things that can keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance be seemingly apparent symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the form of kid he is and his lack of discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that contains words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the span of the evaluations, they certainly were asked just how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows seemed to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcome of the study demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
You can find only so many hours per day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced group of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day before the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they should not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very conscious of our own behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we just keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media free time every day and spend this time around with our attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The exact same is true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune to their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and when they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This might provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to grasp is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the aforementioned methods of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it could be the fun way to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and engaging in these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut right out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they could find out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary because you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they could cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to control a lot of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to have them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities that are short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the exact same generation come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age group have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and question them to repeat it the next time when you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.