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This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.

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My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.

I’d like to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.

They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.

He manages a tablet and mobile phone very well as much of his peers do.

Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.

He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.

When they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.

He seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.

Solutions when they’re the only issues that could keep him quiet.

He has what on top be seemingly symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed when they wait.

Based on their reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and tends to be heredity.

 

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The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is often inherited.

Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.

Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:

• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).

He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.

 

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source:nature.com

 

He has a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.

His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.

He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.

His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.

The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and appears to be what he hears on @

@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a word with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’

From all they have read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.

They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.

On the length of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.

A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows seemed to be harmless, approximately they thought.

 

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source:software.intel.com

 

The speech therapist stated to them the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to start talking later.”

“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”

This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.

The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.

Consider this for a few moments:

• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.

There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.

Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.

Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.

Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the best way to the back of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.

Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.

Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.

Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.

 

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source:cisco.com

 

Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.

This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.

You will find only so much time in a day, and the full time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.

Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced group of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.

In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for children over age 2.

The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.

Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.

As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.

We need to be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.

Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we just read on our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.

As parents we need to set up a media leisure time everyday and spend now with our attention 100% centered on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. Exactly the same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.

The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:

1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and if they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This might provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.

2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would have been a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.

3. Tell a story: Another way to make grammar a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the proper execution of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the entire finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.

The benefits of the above types of learning grammar are which they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun solution to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.

Learning grammar can be made fun and doing these ways such as:

(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.


(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.

(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for novices including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put what in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they can figure out the rule themselves.

The writer Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.

Being fully a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary as you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times using their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they could cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take the time to get knowledgeable about the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.

Keep fun games

As these students have a brief attention span, you should concentrate on keeping activities that are short and an easy task to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or group of students by utilizing pictures or even a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.

Encourage participation in art corner

With art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can help guess what happens all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will teach them the proper use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things are to be handled.

Conduct dramatic plays

As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.

Include puzzles and science

The kids are usually curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.

Motivate children to bond with others

As numerous children of exactly the same age bracket come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to take part in group games.

Utilize worksheets

While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.

Read out stories

Children in this specific age group have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and question them to repeat it next time while you wait the role cards.

To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities will help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.

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