This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone quite well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back to the key screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the sole issues that will keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface look like apparent symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and other than hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats more or less anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the type of kid he’s and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the concept of putting a phrase by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the span of the evaluations, they were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the information from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the way to the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it’s not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
There are only so much time per day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three desire a well-balanced number of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them probably the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very conscious of our own behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must establish a media leisure time everyday and spend now with your attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same holds true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Allow it to be short and quick, and if they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This may provide them with a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the proper execution of storytelling. Obtain the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the above mentioned types of learning grammar are they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it may be the fun solution to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and doing the next ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for newbies including small children. Cut fully out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they are able to find out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary since you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they can cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some young kids get adjusted to the college surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you ought to focus on keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a set or group of students by making use of pictures or even a game which involves moving round the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will guide them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the exact same age bracket get together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the children to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age group have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for weekly and question them to repeat it the very next time when you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.