This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone very well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back to the key screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
If they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the sole things that will keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface be seemingly outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats virtually anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the kind of kid he is and his lack of discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that contains words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the concept of putting a word by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the span of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described in their mind the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcome of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to provide a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the real world.
There are only so many hours in a day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they need to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them probably the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the e-mail we only continue reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to begin a media spare time everyday and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same is true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune within their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and after they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This will provide them with a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar a little easier to know is to instruct it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The advantages of the above methods of learning grammar are which they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun way to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and doing the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Let the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary since you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who can amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take the time to get acquainted with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you should concentrate on keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what goes on next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can help do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the right usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the same age bracket bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age bracket have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and ask them to repeat it next time when you hold out the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.