Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
When they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the only real items that will keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface seem to be outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is frequently inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the form of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the course of the evaluations, they certainly were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated to them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all how you can the trunk of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the true world.
You will find only so much time in a day, and the time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours each day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we just read on our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to set up a media free time everyday and spend this time with this attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The exact same is true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the actual text. Allow it to be short and quick, and if they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to pick a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to know is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the general finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the above types of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures since it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and engaging in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher may be exciting in addition to scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times making use of their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young kids get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids make time to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a number of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you need to focus on keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or group of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the proper use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same age bracket get together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age group have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and inquire further to repeat it the next time while you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities will help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.