This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone very well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a couple of rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the sole issues that can keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance look like apparent symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is often inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and apart from very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that contains words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the thought of putting a word having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out in their mind the data from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, ultimately causing a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the research demonstrated that there is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not reaching parents and siblings or the real world.
You will find only so much time per day, and the full time used on screens comes at a high price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we only read on our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must begin a media spare time each and every day and spend now with this attention 100% centered on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The same is true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your head a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and having the tune within their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would have been a much more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to understand is to instruct it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the general finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the above methods of learning grammar are that they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for novices including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they can figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary as you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with a chance to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes using their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take time to get knowledgeable about the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to control a number of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to obtain them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you should give attention to keeping activities which can be short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you can encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can benefit you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will teach them the best utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same age bracket get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the children to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to match similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age bracket have the capability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it next time while you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.