This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and mobile phone very well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they’re the only real items that could keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance appear to be outward indications of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is generally inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the kind of kid he is and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase with an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the span of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows seemed to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated in their mind the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the back of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You can find only so many hours in a day, and the full time used on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced group of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they should not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the absolute most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we only keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to set up a media spare time everyday and spend this time around with our attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same holds true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your head a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune within their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the particular text. Allow it to be short and quick, and when they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This could let them have plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would have been a many more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more efficient when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar a little easier to understand is to teach it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the general finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the aforementioned methods of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures since it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the next ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to find out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting in addition to scary as you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with to be able to be with innocent children who will amaze you at times making use of their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take time to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a number of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to obtain them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities that are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or group of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same generation get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age bracket have the ability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it next time as you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.