Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone extremely well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they attempt to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the sole items that will keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface appear to be outward indications of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he’s affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats more or less anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the thought of putting a phrase with an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the course of the evaluations, they certainly were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows seemed to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out in their mind the information from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all how you can the back of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the job at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so several hours in one day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three require a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they will not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we only keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to set up a media leisure time everyday and spend this time with this attention 100% centered on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The exact same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune to their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and after they get the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This might give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a much more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to create grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the proper execution of storytelling. Have the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the general finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and engaging in the next ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for newbies including small children. Cut out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary since you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you to be able to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you occasionally with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a lot of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to have them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you ought to focus on keeping activities that are short and an easy task to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or band of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll teach them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally, it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the exact same generation get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the kid is expected to fit similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of generation have the capability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and ask them to repeat it the very next time when you hold out the role cards.
To help make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the children enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.