This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone very well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they make an effort to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only real things that could keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance look like outward indications of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is frequently inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats more or less anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that consists of words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to possess the concept of putting a word by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the span of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows seemed to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the information from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcome of the research demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You will find only so much time per day, and the time used on screens comes at a top price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced group of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they will not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we just keep reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to begin a media free time everyday and spend this time around with our attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The exact same is true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and when they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This would provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a many more fun. This may often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar only a little easier to understand is to teach it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures since it may be the fun way to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and doing the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for newbies including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher can be exciting as well as scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who can amaze you occasionally making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Though some small children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids take care to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a number of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or band of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving round the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you can encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can help do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll teach them the best use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help to stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. In addition it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same generation bond in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of generation have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for weekly and inquire further to repeat it the next time while you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.