This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cellular phone well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get at an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back to the key screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
When they try to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only real items that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface appear to be symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and besides not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the type of kid he is and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the idea of putting a phrase by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, they certainly were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the data from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the research demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
You will find only so much time per day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a top price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three desire a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours per day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they should not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them probably the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to establish a media leisure time every day and spend this time with your attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune within their head. After this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Allow it to be short and quick, and if they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select a term on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a many more fun. This can often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to create grammar a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the shape of storytelling. Get the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the general finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are which they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun method to learn. However, there’s a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and doing these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary since you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you a chance to be with innocent children who will amaze you occasionally with their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids remember to get knowledgeable about the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to control a number of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you should concentrate on keeping activities which can be short and easy to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by making use of pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help to stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. In addition it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same generation bond in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the children to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age group have the ability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for a week and question them to repeat it the next time when you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.