Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone very well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they try to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only things that can keep him quiet.
He has what on top seem to be outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the thought of putting a word by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, they were asked just how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows seemed to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the information from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all the best way to the trunk of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so much time per day, and the full time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced band of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very aware of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to begin a media free time every day and spend this time around with our attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your brain a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. Following this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Allow it to be short and quick, and when they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This will let them have lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to know is to instruct it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the general finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The advantages of the above methods of learning grammar are they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun solution to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and participating in the next ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for beginners including small children. Cut fully out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the language in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they have their piles ready, question them if they are able to determine the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher may be exciting in addition to scary when you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who can amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some small children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids remember to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a number of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities which can be short and easy to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or band of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the right usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the exact same age bracket bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to match similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for a week and question them to repeat it the next time when you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the children enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.