This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cellular phone extremely well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they attempt to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the only issues that could keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface appear to be outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and besides hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the kind of kid he is and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that includes words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the idea of putting a phrase with an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the course of the evaluations, they certainly were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows appeared to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also in a position to penetrate all the way to the back of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the actual world.
There are only so many hours in a day, and the full time allocated to screens comes at a top price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them probably the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to begin a media leisure time each day and spend this time around with your attention 100% centered on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same is true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and getting the tune into their head. After this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and once they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This might give them lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to know is to teach it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The advantages of the above mentioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures as it may be the fun solution to learn. However, there’s a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and engaging in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put what in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they can figure out the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary as you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes using their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the college surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids make time to get acquainted with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such young age, taking the proper efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you need to give attention to keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what goes on next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or group of students by making use of pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can benefit guess what happens all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the best usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these exact things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same age bracket come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the children to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the ability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and question them to repeat it the next time while you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.