This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
When they make an effort to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the only issues that could keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface appear to be symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and besides not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats virtually anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the type of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that consists of words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the concept of putting a phrase with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the span of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows seemed to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out in their mind the information from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also in a position to penetrate all the way to the rear of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
You will find only so many hours in one day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three require a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours each day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only read on our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must establish a media free time everyday and spend this time with our attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The same is true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune into their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and when they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This will let them have a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to create grammar a little easier to understand is to show it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The features of the above ways of learning grammar are they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun way to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in these ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put what in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher can be exciting as well as scary when you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you an opportunity to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you occasionally making use of their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Though some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a major percentage of kids take care to get acquainted with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to have them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you must focus on keeping activities which can be short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by utilizing pictures or a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the right usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same generation bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to complement similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age group have the ability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it the next time while you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the youngsters enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.