This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get at a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
Once they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the sole things that could keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface seem to be symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the kind of kid he is and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that includes words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the thought of putting a phrase by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the length of the evaluations, they were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the info from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcome of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all the way to the trunk of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it’s not going to provide an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the job at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You will find only so many hours per day, and the full time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day facing the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they should not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to establish a media free time every single day and spend now with your attention 100% centered on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. Exactly the same is valid for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Ensure it is short and quick, and if they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This would provide them with lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Make it in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot far better whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to create grammar a little easier to understand is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Have the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures since it is the fun solution to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and doing these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut right out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, question them if they are able to find out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times using their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some small children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take time to get familiar with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a number of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to obtain them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by utilizing pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can benefit you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will guide them the proper use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the exact same generation come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the child is expected to fit similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age group have the ability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and inquire further to repeat it the next time while you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.