Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cellular phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
If they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the only things that could keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance look like outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is frequently inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the kind of kid he is and his lack of discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that contains words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to own the thought of putting a word by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the span of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows seemed to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described for them the data from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the best way to the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it is not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You can find only so many hours in a day, and enough time used on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced group of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very conscious of our own behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to set up a media free time every single day and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The exact same is valid for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and if they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This would let them have a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a many more fun. This can often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the general finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The benefits of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it may be the fun way to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Let the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut right out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, question them if they could find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary as you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who will amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some young kids get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take time to get acquainted with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to manage a lot of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to have them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must focus on keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or band of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of exactly the same generation get together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age bracket have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for weekly and ask them to repeat it the very next time when you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.