This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get at a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
Once they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the only real things that could keep him quiet.
He has what on top look like symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is frequently inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to possess the thought of putting a phrase with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the span of the evaluations, they were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described to them the info from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, ultimately causing a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcome of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the rear of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it is not going to provide a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You can find only so several hours in one day, and enough time allocated to screens comes at a top price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three need a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day facing the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must establish a media free time every single day and spend this time with this attention 100% focused on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The exact same is true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and getting the tune within their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and when they get the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to know is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Get the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and doing these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Let the students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut fully out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the words in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they can find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher can be exciting as well as scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who can amaze you at times using their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they could cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids make time to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to regulate a number of kids of such young age, taking the proper efforts to get them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you need to concentrate on keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by making use of pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the whole story along with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help to stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of exactly the same age bracket get together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and question them to repeat it next time as you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the youngsters enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.