This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone extremely well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the only issues that will keep him quiet.
He has what on the surface appear to be outward indications of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is frequently inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the form of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that consists of words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the span of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described in their mind the info from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, resulting in a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcome of the analysis demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the back of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so several hours per day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced group of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours each day before the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we just read on our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must establish a media leisure time everyday and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The same is true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your head a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune to their head. After this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and after they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a many more fun. This may often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar a little easier to understand is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the overall finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The features of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun way to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and doing the following ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio along with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting in addition to scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you an opportunity to be with innocent children who can amaze you at times using their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they can cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids take the time to get acquainted with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to manage a number of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to obtain them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which are short and easy to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or band of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can benefit guess what happens all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the items more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the exact same age bracket get together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to fit similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age bracket have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for weekly and question them to repeat it next time while you hold out the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities might help the children enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.