Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back once again to the main screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only real issues that could keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance look like apparent symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and other than not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the kind of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that i think, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that contains words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the idea of putting a phrase with an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the course of the evaluations, these were asked simply how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows seemed to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described for them the data from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the best way to the trunk of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to offer an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the true world.
There are only so many hours in one day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day before the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our own behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the e-mail we just continue reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must establish a media spare time each and every day and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. Exactly the same is valid for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your head a whole lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune to their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and if they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This may provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar a little easier to know is to teach it in the form of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the general finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the above mentioned methods of learning grammar are which they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the words in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they could figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary as you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with an opportunity to be with innocent children who can amaze you at times using their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they are able to cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids make time to get familiar with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a number of kids of such early age, taking the right efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or group of students by utilizing pictures or a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will teach them the best utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the items more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same age bracket get together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the kid is expected to fit similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age group have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and ask them to repeat it next time while you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities will help the youngsters enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.