This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cellular phone well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they are the only things that could keep him quiet.
He has what on top appear to be outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is generally inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the type of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the concept of putting a phrase by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the span of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows appeared to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the data from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcome of the research demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all how you can the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the job available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.
You will find only so several hours per day, and the time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they need to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very conscious of our own behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must begin a media leisure time each day and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and after they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to choose an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Make it in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition will be a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to make grammar a little easier to understand is to show it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the general finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The benefits of the above ways of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun way to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and doing the next ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Let the students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is very good for novices including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put what in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, question them if they could determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary as you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with a chance to be with innocent children who can amaze you occasionally using their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You might even get a headache and feel helpless at times. While some small children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids remember to get knowledgeable about the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to manage a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the proper efforts to get them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you ought to concentrate on keeping activities which are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It’ll guide them the right use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the items more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story along with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. Additionally, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same age group bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age bracket have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and ask them to repeat it the very next time while you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.