Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and mobile phone very well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a few rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
When they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the sole items that could keep him quiet.
He has what on top be seemingly symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and other than hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the form of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that consists of words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the idea of putting a phrase by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the length of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out to them the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time linked with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcome of the research demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also in a position to penetrate all how you can the back of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it is not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You can find only so several hours in a day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a higher price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced band of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our own behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to establish a media free time every day and spend now with this attention 100% centered on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. The same is valid for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. Next, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the actual text. Ensure it is short and quick, and once they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This might provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the general finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the whole story is completed and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The advantages of the above ways of learning grammar are which they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun way to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
- Negative Times A Negative Equals What
- Mean Median and Mode Worksheets
- Alphabet Worksheets for Pre-k
- Living Debt-Free
- Learning to Type for Kids
- 17 Quarts In Gallons
- Abeka 7th Grade Reading Quiz K
- Find the Verbs Worksheet
- Color by Number Math Worksheets
- Coins Worksheet 2nd Grade
(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for beginners including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they could determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary when you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who is able to amaze you occasionally using their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some small children get adjusted to the school surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids take care to get familiar with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a number of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to obtain them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which can be short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or band of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can benefit you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It’ll teach them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same age group come together in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are usually high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the children to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age bracket have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and inquire further to repeat it the very next time while you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.