This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and cell phone extremely well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the only real things that will keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance seem to be apparent symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that includes words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the thought of putting a word by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the course of the evaluations, they were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described for them the data from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The study “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all how you can the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You can find only so many hours in a day, and the full time used on screens comes at a top price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced band of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they need to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very conscious of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the e-mail we just read on our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media spare time each and every day and spend this time around with your attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The exact same is valid for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune within their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and when they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a many more fun. This can often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to know is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the entire finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to concentrate on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a whole lot easier.
The benefits of the above ways of learning grammar are that they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun way to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in these ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for beginners including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the language in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they could find out the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher may be exciting along with scary as you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you a chance to be with innocent children who will amaze you occasionally using their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, a major percentage of kids remember to get acquainted with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to control a lot of kids of such young age, taking the right efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which are short and an easy task to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what goes on next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or group of students by utilizing pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving around the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can help do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will guide them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, make an effort to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same age bracket come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are always high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the youngsters to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific generation have the capability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and inquire further to repeat it the next time as you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.