This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cellular phone very well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they’re the only items that will keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance appear to be symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the overall population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and apart from very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his lack of discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the concept of putting a word by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the course of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist stated for them the information from a recent Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The outcome of the research demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the back of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it’s not going to supply an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the real world.
You will find only so much time in one day, and enough time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three desire a well-balanced band of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day facing the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they need to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them probably the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we only read on our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must begin a media spare time every single day and spend this time with this attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The same is valid for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and having the tune into their head. Following this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the actual text. Allow it to be short and quick, and when they get the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This might provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Allow it to be right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar only a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the form of storytelling. Have the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The features of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun solution to learn. However, there’s a massive disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and doing these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Let the students select their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut fully out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, inquire further if they could figure out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary when you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it provides you with a chance to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you sometimes making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some children get adjusted to the school surroundings in much less time, a significant percentage of kids remember to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to manage a number of kids of such young age, taking the proper efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you need to concentrate on keeping activities which can be short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or band of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving around the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the kids to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the right use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these specific things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the whole story together with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help to stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of the same generation come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the youngsters to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to fit similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for a week and question them to repeat it the next time while you wait the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities might help the youngsters enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.