Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it had been incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to access a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
If they attempt to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
Solutions when they’re the only real issues that could keep him quiet.
He’s what on the surface be seemingly outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which is correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is generally inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to lack of discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the kind of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the thought of putting a phrase with an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have read about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the length of the evaluations, they were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows appeared to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist described in their mind the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the way to the rear of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
You can find only so many hours in one day, and enough time used on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours each day before the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the e-mail we just read on our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must begin a media leisure time everyday and spend this time with your attention 100% centered on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your head a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the specific text. Allow it to be short and quick, and when they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to select a term on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Make it in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the proper execution of storytelling. Have the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned types of learning grammar are which they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun way to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in the following ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Let the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio along with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut right out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they can figure out the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary because you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you an opportunity to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they can cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids take the time to get familiar with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to have them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you should give attention to keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what happens next. You can arrange fun games between a pair or group of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll teach them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As numerous children of the same generation come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age bracket have the capacity to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and inquire further to repeat it the next time when you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.