Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
I’d like to back up and give you details about what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old little boy who’s a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone very well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to open another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only real things that will keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance appear to be apparent symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No body in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his not enough discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The only real word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that includes words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the idea of putting a word having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the length of the evaluations, they were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows were harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist described in their mind the data from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The results of the analysis demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent utilizing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the results of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the way to the rear of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it is not going to supply an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task at hand and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the real world.
You will find only so several hours in one day, and the full time allocated to screens comes at a top price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced number of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them probably the most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we only read on our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media free time everyday and spend this time with your attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your head a lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune within their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This could let them have a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a lot more fun. This may often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a tale: Another way to make grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun solution to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar may also be made fun and engaging in the following ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
- Free Printable Maths Games
- Math for 6th Grade
- Free Printable Alphabet Worksheets
- 210 Ft to Yards
- Reading Passages for 1st Grade
- Past Tense Go Worksheet
- Conversion Cm to Mm
- Fun Math Activity 5th Grade
- 460 Divided by 6
- Two Negative Numbers Divided
(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for beginners including small children. Cut fully out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, ask them if they can determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher may be exciting in addition to scary as you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you an opportunity to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some young kids get adjusted to the college surroundings in much less time, a major percentage of kids remember to get familiar with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to get them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or group of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help guess what happens all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It’ll teach them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you may make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are always curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the exact same age group get together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to talk about their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Take advantage of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the kids to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the kid is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic or even color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this specific age group have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for weekly and inquire further to repeat it next time as you wait the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.