Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details about what they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone very well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back to the key screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
If they make an effort to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the sole things that can keep him quiet.
He’s what on top look like apparent symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes which will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and is commonly heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and other than hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the form of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that for me, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to have the thought of putting a word by having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t be seemingly especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the span of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated in their mind the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, ultimately causing an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.
The results of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be able to penetrate all the way to the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the duty available and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the real world.
You can find only so much time per day, and the time spent on screens comes at a higher price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced band of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours each day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they will not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our own behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we only keep reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we have to begin a media leisure time each day and spend now with this attention 100% focused on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. Exactly the same holds true for all bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into your brain a whole lot faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. Next, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and if they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in ab muscles light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition will be a much more fun. This will often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will soon be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to grasp is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the general finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun way to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and doing these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We are able to teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut right out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and ask them to put what in two piles, with respect to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they could find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being truly a preschool teacher can be exciting along with scary as you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you occasionally using their unimaginable acts. At once, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You might even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, an important percentage of kids take the time to get acquainted with the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to manage a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to have them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you need to give attention to keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by using pictures or perhaps a game which involves moving round the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
By having art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of the same generation bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He or she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the children to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the kid is expected to complement similar objects, draw images of a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age bracket have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and ask them to repeat it next time as you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires a lot of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.