This is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Allow me to back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.
They have a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back once again to the key screen to open up another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
When they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the sole items that could keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance appear to be apparent symptoms of autism, nevertheless the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats more or less anything put in front of him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, due to the kind of kid he’s and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.
The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that contains words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a word by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the length of the evaluations, they certainly were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist described to them the data from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.
The outcomes of the study demonstrated that there surely is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Look at this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A current Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all how you can the back of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury remains out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the job accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You can find only so many hours in a day, and the time allocated to screens comes at a high price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced group of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the general screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they should not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we must remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very aware of our own behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we only continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to set up a media free time every single day and spend this time with your attention 100% dedicated to our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This really is family time. Exactly the same is valid for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are intended for sleeping.
The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into your head a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. After this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Make it short and quick, and after they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This would give them plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a lot more fun. This can often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more efficient whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the overall finished story. If you will find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let a student come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it could be the fun method to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and participating in the next ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Allow the students pick out their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio along with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut right out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put what in two piles, depending on the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they could find out the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She can be an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting as well as scary because you have to deal with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you an opportunity to be with innocent children who can amaze you sometimes making use of their unimaginable acts. At once, they can cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids remember to get acquainted with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to control a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the proper efforts to get them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a list of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what are the results next. You can arrange fun games between a set or band of students by making use of pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to discover the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It will teach them the right use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these exact things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class because they help stimulate the brain and enhance memory in kids. Additionally, it supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same generation come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are usually high. To avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to match similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age group have the capability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and ask them to repeat it next time as you hold on the role cards.
To really make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.