This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.
Let me back up and offer you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone quite well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to access a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game several rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
When they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only things that can keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance appear to be outward indications of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed should they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is often inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and besides very few symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a mild on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats more or less anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his lack of discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.
The only word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that is baby talk that consists of words although not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to own the thought of putting a phrase by having an image apart from what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the length of the evaluations, they were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows appeared to be harmless, approximately they thought.
The speech therapist stated in their mind the information from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they’re to start talking later.”
“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, ultimately causing a nearly 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the research demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
In accordance with a Nielsen Study, a lot more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There’s little scientific data on the effects of long-term utilization of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an important sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the rear of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to provide a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you can find developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not getting together with parents and siblings or the actual world.
There are only so several hours per day, and enough time used on screens comes at a top price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under age three require a well-balanced band of activities, including instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and having fun with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours per day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them the absolute most at risk of screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We need to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the email we just continue reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media free time each and every day and spend now with our attention 100% dedicated to our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same is valid for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a lot faster. In order to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune into their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the specific text. Make it short and quick, and when they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to choose a term on that and change the tense out of it. This will provide them with plenty of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a much more fun. This may often motivate them to master faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective whenever we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to understand is to teach it in the proper execution of storytelling. Get the students to form a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the entire finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the whole story is finished and written on the board, let a student appear and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions why certain tenses are how they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the above types of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun method to learn. However, there’s a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I think, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and doing the next ways such as:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Let the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a brief biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and make sure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, question them if they could figure out the rule themselves.
The author Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part-time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a best seller.
Being a preschool teacher may be exciting as well as scary since you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you an opportunity to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you occasionally with their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they can cause utter chaos and make you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Although some children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take care to get familiar with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to control a lot of kids of such young age, taking the best efforts to have them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can consume his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you must give attention to keeping activities which are short and simple to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that’ll keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what are the results next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or band of students by making use of pictures or even a game which involves moving round the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It will also help you know what all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their areas of interest. It’ll guide them the proper use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these exact things can be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you may make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. Additionally it aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same age bracket bond in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are always high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the children to greatly help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the little one is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular generation have the ability to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the same story for a week and question them to repeat it next time as you wait the role cards.
To help make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the youngsters enjoy and also cause them to become feel comfortable.