This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old young boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and cell phone well as many of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it absolutely was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to access an especially entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the key screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way into a character’s belly.
Once they attempt to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking a floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He seems to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they are the only things that can keep him quiet.
He has what at first glance appear to be symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on the reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is generally inherited.
Nobody in either family has SPD, and apart from very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He features a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not need to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pen and fists one such as for instance a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, because of the type of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that for me, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is limited and seems to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the concept of putting a word with an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Within the course of the evaluations, they were asked simply how much screen time he has each day. They figure he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a rest it allows appeared to be harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist described in their mind the data from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more time children under 2 years of age spend using smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcomes of the analysis demonstrated that there is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for each extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Consider this for a couple moments:
• 10% of US children under the age of 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a tablet or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to place their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because oahu is the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be in a position to penetrate all the best way to the back of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes harm to the retina.
Presently, there is broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games might be entertaining, it is not going to offer an abundant learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the background negatively affects their development when a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the real world.
There are only so much time in one day, and enough time spent on screens comes at a high price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours per day facing the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years of age and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they need to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that makes them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that people are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We have to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this implies turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.
Kids can tell when our heads are still on the e-mail we only continue reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to establish a media free time every day and spend this time around with your attention 100% focused on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. Exactly the same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and obtaining the tune into their head. Following this, we are able to quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the particular text. Allow it to be short and quick, and once they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a many more fun. This may often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this could be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to create grammar a little easier to understand is to instruct it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a point to the entire finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let a student show up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in a great way. Let the students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio with your students and make certain they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to instruct comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is very good for newbies including small children. Cut out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being fully a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary when you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you a chance to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you at times using their unimaginable acts. At once, they can cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Though some young kids get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids make time to get acquainted with the newest environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to manage a lot of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to get them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. This is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a quick attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to know what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or band of students by utilizing pictures or even a game which involves moving around the class to find the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you can encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit guess what happens all thoughts go on in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the right utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these things should be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know the things more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The children are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom when they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. It also aids in developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same age bracket bond in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the children and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to participate in group games.
While worksheets are less common in this age, you’ll have creative worksheets for the kids to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this kind of age bracket have the ability to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for per week and ask them to repeat it next time as you hold out the role cards.
To make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the little one to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students isn’t any easy task and requires lots of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.