This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a vintage’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is incredibly delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a product and mobile phone well as much of his peers do.
Initially, I thought it was incredible to watch him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cell phone, swiping through icons to get to a really entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.
When they make an effort to take away the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the ground, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He generally seems to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are occasions when they’re the only real items that could keep him quiet.
He’s what on top appear to be apparent symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to have him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that’ll be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he may be diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is often heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.
No-one in either family has SPD, and apart from not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is that he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He has a great appetite and eats more or less anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others so long as he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, because of the form of kid he is and his insufficient discipline that in my opinion, his parents have not invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, that will be baby talk that contains words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He does not seem to possess the concept of putting a phrase having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they have find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not seem to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
Over the length of the evaluations, they certainly were asked just how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes each day; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and closer to 90 minutes spread through the day.
A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one on a single interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.
The speech therapist described to them the data from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time connected with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the more time children under 2 years old spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to start talking later.”
“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to an almost 50 percent increased danger of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The results of the research demonstrated that there is a 49% increased possibility of delayed speech for every extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for a few moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study revealed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on the cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the consequences of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp increase in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor caused by the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as for example iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, resulting in sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy is also able to penetrate all the way to the trunk of the eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes damage to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury continues to be out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time before a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not reaching parents and siblings or the true world.
You will find only so many hours in one day, and enough time used on screens comes at a top price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three require a well-balanced band of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and playing with physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours each day in front of the TV for kids over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour daily for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they ought to not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them probably the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we need to remember that people are our children’s main role models, which means habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with your kids.
Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we must set up a media leisure time each and every day and spend this time around with our attention 100% focused on our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The same holds true for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.
The three methods for making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Get them to sing it together and obtaining the tune within their head. Following this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which are in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and after they have the hang of it, let them sing again. Following this, try building a game out of it. Select individual students to select a phrase on that and change the tense out of it. This will let them have lots of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is in to a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would have been a many more fun. This will often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell an account: Another way to make grammar a little easier to know is to show it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to make a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the overall finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to target on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.
The benefits of the above mentioned types of learning grammar are that they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it may be the fun way to learn. However, there is a huge disadvantage if these strategies are used constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can also be made fun and participating in the following ways such as for example:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow students choose their favorite sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one all on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Browse the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast usage of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut fully out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is great for newbies including small children. Cut right out a listing of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you could use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, question them if they could determine the rule themselves.
Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is just a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary when you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you an opportunity to be with innocent children who will amaze you occasionally using their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You could even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in much less time, a major percentage of kids make time to get knowledgeable about the new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a lot of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to obtain them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a brief attention span, you need to give attention to keeping activities which can be short and simple to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You are able to arrange fun games between a pair or number of students by using pictures or a game which involves moving across the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
With art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and draw out creativity in them. It can help do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll teach them the proper usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and learn how these specific things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with assistance from a story. Visualizing things helps the students to grasp what exactly more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing a part or the whole story with your colleagues. Also, you may make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The little ones are usually curious about new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class while they help stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As many children of exactly the same age bracket come together in a preschool, the odds of conflicts between them are always high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to generally share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to be involved in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you can have creative worksheets for the kids to help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age bracket have the ability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and ask them to repeat it the very next time while you hold out the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is not any easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the children enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.