Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the 1st article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.
My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him with their pediatrician.
Let me back up and give you details on what they’re experiencing.
They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who is a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.
He manages a tablet and mobile phone extremely well as numerous of his peers do.
Initially, I believed it absolutely was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the family iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get to a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.
He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a couple of rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to start another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.
Once they attempt to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a fit that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.
He appears to like the iPad or smartphone to everything else.
There are times when they are the only issues that will keep him quiet.
He’s what at first glance appear to be outward indications of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he is 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly complement with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.
Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and tends to be heredity.
The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies suggest that SPD is generally inherited.
No one in either family has SPD, and apart from hardly any symptoms, he does unfit the symptomatic profile.
Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:
• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).
He’s extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he’s affectionate along with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.
He includes a great appetite and eats virtually anything put facing him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not have to truly have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one like a two-year-old with a crayon.
His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.
He understands far significantly more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.
His parents know he’s cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to ascertain how delayed, due to the kind of kid he’s and his not enough discipline that in my opinion, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.
The sole word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which will be baby talk that consists of words however, not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and is apparently what he hears on @
@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the concept of putting a word with an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’
From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay doesn’t appear to be especially prevalent.
They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.
On the span of the evaluations, these were asked just how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the entire day.
A tablet / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. Most of us lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows seemed to be harmless, or so they thought.
The speech therapist pointed out for them the information from a current Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time related to speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the more hours children under 2 years of age spend having fun with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the more likely they are to begin talking later.”
“Based on the study, 20 percent of kids under age two spend about 30 minutes each day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”
This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and two years old.
The outcome of the analysis demonstrated that there’s a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a product, iPad, iPhone or Android device.
Think about this for some moments:
• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had use of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a product or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recent Journal of Pediatrics study indicated that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they work with a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under the age of 3 has grown significantly more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.
There is little scientific data on the effects of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.
Optometrists are seeing a sharp escalation in small children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness is growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from early introduction of handheld devices to kids.
Interactive screens such as iPads, tablets, and smartphones are known to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, an essential sleep hormone, which inhibits the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.
Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all how you can the back of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and this is the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.
Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.
Pediatricians and child development experts agree totally that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.
Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the back ground negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the duty accessible and lowers their concentration.
Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.
This can be a big concern: if students are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they are not interacting with parents and siblings or the actual world.
You will find only so many hours per day, and the time used on screens comes at a high price, taking time far from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.
Kids under the age of three need a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along side adults.
In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the typical screen time limit of no more than no two hours per day in front of the TV for children over age 2.
The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there must be no screen time allowed and they ought to not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the most susceptible to screens.
Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.
As parents we have to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.
We must be very aware of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.
Kids can tell when our heads continue to be on the e-mail we just continue reading our phone. By not paying attention to them, this usually makes their behavior worse.
As parents we need to begin a media spare time each and every day and spend now with our attention 100% centered on our children and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. Exactly the same is true for many bedrooms. Bedrooms are designed for sleeping.
The three ways of making learning grammar interesting are:
1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this can become embedded into your brain a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Have the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune into their head. After this, we can quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Ensure it is short and quick, and when they have the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This could let them have a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.
2. Ensure it is into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into an opposition would be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot more effective when we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is going to be alert and enjoy too.
3. Tell a story: Another way to make grammar a little easier to understand is to teach it in the form of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the general finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before end. When the entire story is completed and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are the way they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.
The advantages of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the eye of the students to new grammatical structures because it is the fun method to learn. However, there is a massive disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students might not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I do believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar should be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.
Learning grammar can be made fun and engaging in these ways such as for instance:
(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We could teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Allow the students select a common sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one by yourself summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.
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(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut right out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.
(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for newbies including small children. Cut out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put the words in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they are able to find out the rule themselves.
The writer Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most useful seller.
Being a preschool teacher could be exciting along with scary because you have to cope with many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you to be able to be with innocent children who will amaze you sometimes with their unimaginable acts. At once, they are able to cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. Though some young children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, an important percentage of kids take time to get knowledgeable about the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it’s difficult to manage a lot of kids of such early age, taking the best efforts to have them involved in various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.
Keep fun games
As these students have a short attention span, you ought to give attention to keeping activities which can be short and an easy task to understand. The children often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a couple or number of students by making use of pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to locate the prize.
Encourage participation in art corner
Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the kids to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It can benefit guess what happens all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It’ll guide them the best use of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these exact things are to be handled.
Conduct dramatic plays
Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, attempt to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the items more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing a component or the entire story together with your colleagues. Also, you can make utilization of nursery songs or gestures for the same.
Include puzzles and science
The kids are usually interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom should they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. It also supports developing motor skills.
Motivate children to bond with others
As much children of exactly the same generation come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are usually high. In order to avoid this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the youngsters and also urge them to share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.
Make use of worksheets
While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the children to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the kid is expected to fit similar objects, draw images about a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.
Read out stories
Children in this particular age group have the capability to catch more when they hear repetitive things. Try narrating the exact same story for weekly and inquire further to repeat it the very next time when you hold on the role cards.
To make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you can have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the kids enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.