49 Divided by 75

Here is the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” If you missed the first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.

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My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him for their pediatrician.

Allow me to back up and offer you details on which they’re experiencing.

They’ve a three and a half year old little boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is very delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.

He manages a tablet and cell phone quite well as many of his peers do.

Initially, I thought it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s cellular phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.

He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the overall game several rounds, he swipes back again to the main screen to open another app where he watches an episode of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way right into a character’s belly.

Once they try to remove the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.

He appears to choose the iPad or smartphone to everything else.

Solutions when they’re the only things that will keep him quiet.

He has what on top be seemingly symptoms of autism, but the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to get him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed when they wait.

Based on the reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the general population and is commonly heredity.

 

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source:google.com

 

The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies declare that SPD is frequently inherited.

No-one in either family has SPD, and other than very few symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.

Another thought they have is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:

• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills which can be poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a gentle on and off).

He is extremely physically active (especially together with his constant physical exercise, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to not enough discipline, but he is affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.

 

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source:biorxiv.org

 

He features a great appetite and eats more or less anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others as long as he does not have to really have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one such as a two-year-old with a crayon.

His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.

He understands far a lot more than he lets on. He does not imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.

His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to find out how delayed, due to the type of kid he is and his not enough discipline that i think, his parents haven’t invested the time in developing.

The only real word that he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which can be baby talk that includes words however not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is bound and appears to be what he hears on @

@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to have the concept of putting a phrase by having an image other than what he sees in videos or’educational games.’

From all they’ve find out about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not be seemingly especially prevalent.

They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.

Over the length of the evaluations, they were asked how much screen time he’s each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes per day; from what I’ve observed I believe it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread throughout the day.

A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. We all lead busy lives and the few minute of some slack it allows were harmless, or so they thought.

 

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source:google.com

 

The speech therapist stated in their mind the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The research “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”

“In line with the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes a day using screens, leading to a nearly 50 percent increased risk of speech delay.”

This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and couple of years old.

The outcome of the study demonstrated that there is a 49% increased chance of delayed speech for each and every extra 30 minutes spent using a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.

Look at this for a couple moments:

• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had access to a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
According to a Nielsen Study, more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a mobile device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they use a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.

There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term usage of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.

Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young children with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is just a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the first introduction of handheld devices to kids.

Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are recognized to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which interferes with the natural bodily rhythms, ultimately causing sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.

Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can also be able to penetrate all the best way to the trunk of a person’s eye, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.

Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.

Pediatricians and child development experts concur that while passive screen time in front of a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games may be entertaining, it’s not going to supply a rich learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And you will find developmental and cognitive risks.

Research has confirmed that having a movie or TV running in the backdrop negatively affects their development each time a child is engaged in play and learning. This is a distraction from the job available and lowers their concentration.

 

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source:link.springer.com

 

Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.

This is a big concern: if kids are left with screen-based babysitters such as for example tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.

You will find only so many hours per day, and the full time spent on screens comes at a top price, taking time away from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.

Kids under age three desire a well-balanced number of activities, ranging from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time and energy to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers alongside adults.

In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to this update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of a maximum of no two hours a day facing the TV for kids over age 2.

The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour per day for children 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for kids 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there should be no screen time allowed and they should not come in contact with any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development which makes them probably the most vulnerable to screens.

Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.

As parents we need to remember that we are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we have we directly and indirectly instill into our children.

We have to be very conscious of our personal behaviors and this means turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad along with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with this kids.

Kids can tell when our heads are still on the email we only continue reading our phone. By not watching them, this usually makes their behavior worse.

As parents we need to set up a media leisure time every single day and spend this time with your attention 100% dedicated to our youngsters and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. This is family time. The exact same is valid for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are meant for sleeping.

The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:

1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this may become embedded into the mind a whole lot faster. In order to execute this, find a tune that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Get the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Cause them to sing it together and obtaining the tune to their head. Following this, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points that are in the particular text. Allow it to be short and quick, and after they get the hang of it, let them sing again. Next, try making a game out of it. Select individual students to select an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This could give them a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the very light-hearted way.

2. Make it right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition will be a lot more fun. This will often motivate them to learn faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be quite a lot far better once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone will undoubtedly be alert and enjoy too.

3. Tell a story: Another way to make grammar only a little easier to grasp is to teach it in the proper execution of storytelling. Get the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a line to the entire finished story. If there are any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it before the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let students come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the whole class involved and ask the students questions as to the reasons certain tenses are how they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a great deal easier.

The advantages of the above mentioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the interest of the students to new grammatical structures because it could be the fun way to learn. However, there is an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are utilized constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the above mentioned approaches to learning grammar must certanly be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.

Learning grammar can be made fun and doing these ways such as for example:

(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in an excellent way. Let the students pick out a common sports star or celebrities. Find a quick biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. Read the bio together with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast use of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.


(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to teach comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.

(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is excellent for beginners including small children. Cut right out a list of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you might use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and keep these things put the language in two piles, with regards to the article. Once they’ve their piles ready, ask them if they are able to figure out the rule themselves.

Mcdougal Yasmin M Elias is a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a in your free time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.

Being truly a preschool teacher can be exciting in addition to scary since you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it offers you a chance to be with innocent children who are able to amaze you sometimes making use of their unimaginable acts. At the same time frame, they could cause utter chaos and leave you at your tethering ends. You may even get a headache and feel helpless at times. Though some children get adjusted to the college surroundings in not as time, a significant percentage of kids make time to get familiar with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even when it is difficult to regulate a bunch of kids of such young age, taking the proper efforts to obtain them associated with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Here is a set of different activities a preschool teacher can ingest his/her classroom for complete development of the child.

Keep fun games

As these students have a brief attention span, you must concentrate on keeping activities which are short and easy to understand. The kids often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts that may keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to understand what goes on next. You can arrange fun games between a couple or group of students by utilizing pictures or a game which involves moving around the class to locate the prize.

Encourage participation in art corner

Insurance firms art and craft activities, you are able to encourage the children to paint their ideas and bring out creativity in them. It can benefit do you know what all thoughts continue in the young mind and also learn their regions of interest. It will guide them the proper utilization of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and find out how these exact things can be handled.

Conduct dramatic plays

As opposed to verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the aid of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to understand the things more effectively. You are able to convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story with your colleagues. Also, you may make usage of nursery songs or gestures for the same.

Include puzzles and science

The little ones are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help stimulate mental performance and enhance memory in kids. In addition it supports developing motor skills.

Motivate children to bond with others

As numerous children of exactly the same generation come together in a preschool, the chances of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. She or he must motivate the students to take part in group games.

Utilize worksheets

While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the youngsters to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You can keep simple pages where the child is expected to fit similar objects, draw images of a particular topic or even color the printed figure.

Read out stories

Children in this specific generation have the capacity to catch more if they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and question them to repeat it the very next time when you wait the role cards.

To really make the preschool a common place, permit notes from parents or allow a child to create his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you could have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities will help the children enjoy and also make sure they are feel comfortable.

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