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This is actually the 2nd article in the series “The Impact of Technology on Childhood Development.” In the event that you missed the very first article, it covered the Hidden Hazards of Blue Light and Digital Devices on Kids Eyes.

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My friend’s three and a half year old was showing signs of delayed speech development. As parents, they did what any concerned parent would do and took him to their pediatrician.

Let me back up and give you details on which they’re experiencing.

They have a three and a half year old young boy who’s a classic’textbook sensory seeker ‘; he simply can’t get enough of anything and is extremely delayed in his speech abilities and social skills.

He manages a tablet and mobile phone very well as numerous of his peers do.

Initially, I believed it was incredible to view him wrap his little fingers around the household iPad or his mother’s mobile phone, swiping through icons to get at a particularly entertaining video or “educational” game.

He taps “play” and emits a squeal of pleasure and sheer delight. After watching the video once or playing the game a few rounds, he swipes back to the main screen to start another app where he watches a bout of a colorful animated cartoon. Halfway through, he moves onto another game, which involves animated fruits making their way in to a character’s belly.

If they try to eliminate the iPad, they suffer through one heck of a tantrum that threatens to go nuclear; trembling lip, tears, feet kicking the floor, hands balled into fists and a high-pitched screaming session.

He appears to prefer the iPad or smartphone to everything else.

There are times when they’re the only things that will keep him quiet.

He has what at first glance look like symptoms of autism, however the autism specialist they took him to is reluctant to obtain him fully evaluated until he’s 4. He could already tell that their son doesn’t exactly match up with autism, and believes that will be correctly diagnosed if they wait.

Based on their reading, his parents think he might be identified as having Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), which impacts one in twenty people in the typical population and tends to be heredity.

 

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source:solid-earth.net

 

The origin of Sensory Processing Disorder is unknown. Preliminary research and studies claim that SPD is often inherited.

No-one in either family has SPD, and besides not many symptoms, he does not fit the symptomatic profile.

Another thought they’ve is he has Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS); PPD-NOS symptoms include:

• Inappropriate social behavior
• Uneven skill development (motor, sensory, visual-spatial-organizational, cognitive, social, academic, behavioral)
• Speech and language comprehension skills that are poorly developed
• Difficulty with transitions
• Nonverbal and/or verbal communication deficits
• Taste, sight, sound, smell and/or touch sensitivities are increased or decreased
• Perseverative (repetitive or ritualistic) behaviors (i.e., opening and closing doors repeatedly or switching a light on and off).

He’s extremely physically active (especially along with his constant physical activity, running and jumping), he doesn’t follow directions well, which I attribute to insufficient discipline, but he’s affectionate together with his family and relatives and makes good eye contact.

 

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source:elifesciences.org

 

He features a great appetite and eats pretty much anything put before him, does well in crowds and generally around others provided that he does not need to have a direct interaction since his verbal skills and social skills, e.g. manners and similar are underdeveloped. His fine motor skills are okay, not great. He cannot hold a pencil and fists one just like a two-year-old with a crayon.

His verbal skills and social skills are underdeveloped.

He understands far more than he lets on. He doesn’t imitate sounds or vocabulary much, if at all.

His parents know he is cognitively delayed, but it’s hard to determine how delayed, because of the kind of kid he is and his not enough discipline that for me, his parents haven’t invested the amount of time in developing.

The only word he uses consistently and appropriately is “pop,” and he excitedly points to his grandfather whenever possible. He frequently babbles, which is baby talk that contains words but not complete conversational sentences. Thus, his vocabulary is restricted and is apparently what he hears on @

@ and YouTube. He doesn’t seem to possess the idea of putting a word having an image besides what he sees in videos or’educational games.’

From all they’ve learn about sensory seekers, extreme speech delay does not appear to be especially prevalent.

They recently had their son evaluated by an occupational therapist and a speech therapist.

Over the course of the evaluations, these were asked how much screen time he has each day. They figure that he averages 45 to 60 minutes daily; from what I’ve observed I think it higher and nearer to 90 minutes spread through the day.

A product / iPad / Android or smartphone has replaced a babysitter and one using one interaction. All of us lead busy lives and the few minute of a break it allows were harmless, roughly they thought.

 

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source:pubs.rsc.org

 

The speech therapist pointed out to them the info from a recently available Journal of Pediatrics study “Handheld screen time associated with speech delays in young children.” The analysis “suggests the additional time children under 2 years old spend playing with smartphones, tablets, and other handheld screens, the much more likely they are to start talking later.”

“According to the study, 20 percent of kids under the age of two spend about 30 minutes per day using screens, resulting in an almost 50 percent increased threat of speech delay.”

This study was completed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Canada by pediatricians who examined screen time and its effects on 900 children between 6 months and 2 yrs old.

The outcomes of the research demonstrated that there is a 49% increased potential for delayed speech for every single extra 30 minutes spent employing a touchscreen, be it a tablet, iPad, iPhone or Android device.

Think about this for some moments:

• 10% of US children under age 2 used tablets or smartphones in 2011, the one-year anniversary of the introduction of the iPad.
• By 2013, 40% of kids 2 and under had usage of a product or smartphone.
• By 2015, 58% of children under age two had used a tablet or mobile phone.
Based on a Nielsen Study, significantly more than 70 percent of children under 12 use tablets and iPads. A recently available Journal of Pediatrics study showed that:
• 20% of 1-year-olds own a tablet.
• 28% of 2-year-olds could navigate a portable device without assistance.
• 28% of parents said they make use of a mobile device to put their kids to sleep.
The rate of adoption of tablets, iPads, and smartphones by kids under age 3 has grown a lot more than 5x in 4 years with and the unknown impact on their cognitive development.

There’s little scientific data on the consequences of long-term use of tablets, iPads, and smartphones; although studies are underway.

Optometrists are seeing a sharp upsurge in young kids with myopia (short-sightedness). The World Health Organization has documented that nearsightedness keeps growing at an alarming rate worldwide and screen use is really a well-accepted contributing factor resulting from the early introduction of handheld devices to kids.

Interactive screens such as for instance iPads, tablets, and smartphones are proven to disrupt sleep. The blue light emitted by the super-sharp displays prevents the release of melatonin, a significant sleep hormone, which disrupts the natural bodily rhythms, leading to sleep disturbances in both adults and children from their use.

Blue light is damaging because it’s the highest energy wavelength of visible light. This energy can be in a position to penetrate all the way to the rear of the attention, through the eyes’natural filters, and that’s the issue. Long-term exposure causes injury to the retina.

Presently, there’s broad, in-depth research about television exposure and kids, but little in-depth, long-term research on the impact of interactive screens from smartphones, iPads and Android tablets. Studies are presently underway; however, the jury is still out.

Pediatricians and child development experts agree that while passive screen time facing a TV or an iPad or tablet for a 30-minute session of videos games or’educational’games could be entertaining, it’s not going to offer a wealthy learning experience or develop fine or gross motor skills. And there are developmental and cognitive risks.

Research has confirmed that having a video or TV running in the background negatively affects their development whenever a child is engaged in play and learning. This can be a distraction from the task accessible and lowers their concentration.

 

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source:researchgate.net

 

Studies have confirmed that hours of background TV decreases child-parent interaction, which sets back a child’s language development.

This is a big concern: if children are left with screen-based babysitters such as for instance tablets, iPads, and smartphones, they’re not getting together with parents and siblings or the true world.

There are only so several hours per day, and enough time used on screens comes at a higher price, taking time from better activates that develop fine and gross motor skills, expand their knowledge and skill sets, build social skills and expand verbal language abilities.

Kids under the age of three desire a well-balanced group of activities, which range from instructed play (math worksheets/games, coloring pages, puzzles and games, arts, and crafts), time for you to explore nature, handling and using physical toys and socializing with other siblings and peers along with adults.

In 2016, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) issued guidelines on screen time were issued. Prior to the update, AAP had established that the overall screen time limit of no more than no two hours a day facing the TV for children over age 2.

The revised AAP guidelines recommend:
• One hour each day for kids 2 to 5 years of age.
• Parents should monitor and set restrictions for children 6 years old and older.
• Under age18 months there ought to be no screen time allowed and they should not be exposed to any digital media.
o Baby’s brains, eye and speech are undergoing a rapid growth phase and development that produces them the absolute most vulnerable to screens.

Any duration of time spent using tablets, iPads or smart phones for entertainment purposes is what the AAP defines as screen time.

As parents we have to remember that individuals are our children’s main role models, therefore the habits we’ve we directly and indirectly instill into our children.

We have to be very aware of our personal behaviors and what this means is turning off our smart phones, putting down the tablet or iPad combined with the TV and laptop and being in the here and now with our kids.

Kids can tell when our heads remain on the email we only keep reading our phone. By not making time for them, this usually makes their behavior worse.

As parents we need to begin a media spare time everyday and spend this time around with this attention 100% centered on our kids and engage with them. Smart phones, iPads, Android tablets or phones are off limits at the dinner table. That is family time. The same is valid for several bedrooms. Bedrooms are created for sleeping.

The three means of making learning grammar interesting are:

1. Using Songs: Music always triggers the interest of the children. By singing phrases, this will become embedded into the mind a great deal faster. To be able to execute this, find a song that uses several tenses or different grammar points. Obtain the students to sing along and then write the lyrics on the board. Encourage them to sing it together and getting the tune to their head. Next, we could quiz them the tenses used and grammatical points which can be in the actual text. Make it short and quick, and once they obtain the hang of it, let them sing again. After this, try creating a game out of it. Select individual students to pick an expression on that and change the tense out of it. This would let them have a lot of practice using different tenses and verb forms, and in the light-hearted way.

2. Ensure it is right into a Game: Both adults and children love playing games. Perhaps, even making into a competition would be a much more fun. This can often motivate them to understand faster. Amongst teenagers, this can be a lot more effective once we divide the class into groups. Besides, everyone is likely to be alert and enjoy too.

3. Tell an account: Another way to produce grammar a little easier to grasp is to show it in the shape of storytelling. Obtain the students to create a’story stick ‘, whereby everyone contributes a range to the overall finished story. If you can find any grammar mistakes, in this, then leave it until the end. When the entire story is finished and written on the board, let a student come up and make appropriate corrections in turns. Get the entire class involved and ask the students questions as to why certain tenses are the direction they are. Having something to focus on keeps the student alert and allows grammatical concepts to be absorbed a lot easier.

The advantages of the aforementioned ways of learning grammar are they draw the attention of the students to new grammatical structures as it is the fun method to learn. However, there’s an enormous disadvantage if these strategies are employed constantly. The students may not master the grammatical rules and structures unless more practice worksheets are given. So, I believe, the aforementioned approaches to learning grammar must be implemented only while initiating new grammar concepts.

Learning grammar may also be made fun and participating in the next ways such as:

(1) Using Celebrity Profiles: We can teach and practice any verb tense in a wonderful way. Allow the students choose a common sports star or celebrities. Find a short biography or write one on your own summarizing a celebrity’s main achievements. See the bio along with your students and ensure they understand the differences. Contrast utilization of simple past and past perfect or present perfect tense.


(2) Using Celebrity Photos: Cut out celebrity photo pictures from magazines. Use these pictures to show comparative and superlatives. E.g. Shakira is more talented than Ricky Martin or Katie Holme is taller than Tom Cruise.

(3) Articles – An or an: This activity is fantastic for novices including small children. Cut fully out a set of several words that either take’an’or’an’and mix them up. For very young learners, you may use pictures too. Divide students into pairs or groups and have them put what in two piles, depending on the article. Once they have their piles ready, inquire further if they could figure out the rule themselves.

The author Yasmin M Elias is really a full-time English Teacher at an International School in Mangalore, India. She’s married to Naveed Ansari and blessed with 3 sons Ebraheem Fahmy, Falah and Fouad. She is definitely an ardent reader, life long learner and equally loves gardening and cooking. She’s a part time writer who’s very passionate about writing stories, articles and soon dreams of penning a most readily useful seller.

Being truly a preschool teacher could be exciting in addition to scary since you have to manage many toddlers at any time. Nevertheless, it gives you to be able to be with innocent children who will amaze you at times with their unimaginable acts. At once, they could cause utter chaos and give you at your tethering ends. You may even get a frustration and feel helpless at times. While some small children get adjusted to the institution surroundings in not as time, a major percentage of kids take care to get familiar with the brand new environment and can often test a teacher’s patience. Even if it is difficult to regulate a number of kids of such early age, taking the proper efforts to obtain them involved with various school activities can raise their interests and avoid disruptions in the class. Listed here is a listing of different activities a preschool teacher can take in his/her classroom for complete development of the child.

Keep fun games

As these students have a quick attention span, you need to concentrate on keeping activities that are short and easy to understand. The youngsters often get distracted easily, and hence one must include acts which will keep their interests and also increase their eagerness to learn what happens next. You are able to arrange fun games between a set or band of students by using pictures or even a game which involves moving across the class to locate the prize.

Encourage participation in art corner

With art and craft activities, you can encourage the youngsters to paint their ideas and enhance creativity in them. It will also help do you know what all thoughts carry on in the young mind and also learn their aspects of interest. It will guide them the best usage of colors, scissors, glue, etc., and understand how these specific things should be handled.

Conduct dramatic plays

Rather than verbally teaching certain concepts, try to portray them with the help of a story. Visualizing things helps the students to know what exactly more effectively. You can convey the lessons by dramatizing part or the entire story along with your colleagues. Also, you possibly can make use of nursery songs or gestures for the same.

Include puzzles and science

The kids are always interested in learning new things and often drift off to places in the classroom if they notice something unusual. Have jigsaw puzzles in your class as they help to stimulate the mind and enhance memory in kids. In addition, it supports developing motor skills.

Motivate children to bond with others

As much children of the exact same age bracket bond in a preschool, the likelihood of conflicts between them are always high. To prevent this, a preschool teacher must encourage friendship among the kids and also urge them to fairly share their tiffin during lunchtime or breaks. He/she must motivate the students to be involved in group games.

Utilize worksheets

While worksheets are less common in this age, you could have creative worksheets for the kids to simply help them develop their imagination and comprehensive skills. You are able to keep simple pages where the child is expected to complement similar objects, draw images in regards to a particular topic as well as color the printed figure.

Read out stories

Children in this particular age group have the capacity to catch more should they hear repetitive things. Try narrating exactly the same story for per week and question them to repeat it the very next time as you hold out the role cards.

To help make the preschool a familiar place, permit notes from parents or allow the kid to bring his/her favorite toy to the classroom. Also, you’ll have unique birthday celebrations. While handling the young students is no easy task and requires plenty of patience, planning innovative activities can help the children enjoy and also make them feel comfortable.

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